Aufstiegsgemechanismen von metamorphen Kernkomplexen: Ein Test von kinematischen Modellen

Projektdetails

Beschreibung

The study areas will be the Naxos MCC in the Aegean Sea and the Rechnitz “window” MCC located at the transition between the Eastern Alps and the Pannonian basin. Orogen-type MCCs occur during the late stage of collision in the center of orogens, with the extension direction subparallel to the orogen, and roughly perpendicular to the regional shortening direction. Such MCCs often represent relay/overstep structures along regional strike-slip faults and, commonly, the final structure is governed by the complex superposition of shortening, related updoming and associated thrusting, and strike-slip displacement. The study area will be the Diancang Shan MCC along the Ailao Shan-Red River shear zone. The principal goals of the proposed project are threefold: Study of (1) the microstructures and textures of rock-forming minerals from the top of the detachment to the interior of the MCC to reveal the deformation regime (e.g., pure vs. simple shear), (2) the microfabric formation and to date the exact age of shearing during exhumation of the MCCs, and (3) the exhumation history (e.g. cooling and deformation) of MCCs using thermochronological tools along and across different types of MCCs to constrain the kinematics of the exhumation of rocks. We also want to build up a classification scheme of metamorphic core complexes using observational features and kinematics.

The principal goals of the proposed project are threefold: Study of (1) the microstructures and textures of rock-forming minerals from the top of the detachment to the interior of the MCC to reveal the deformation regime (e.g., pure vs. simple shear), (2) the microfabric formation and to date the exact age of shearing during exhumation of the MCCs, and (3) the exhumation history (e.g. cooling and deformation) of MCCs using thermochronological tools along and across different types of MCCs to constrain the kinematics of the exhumation of rocks.

Extensive studies of metamorphic core complexes (MCCs) have highlighted a fundamental problem; the relationship between the mylonitic rocks in the footwall of the ductile low-angle detachment fault at its top, and the brittlely deformed to undeformed hangingwall unit. The project aims to set up a scheme between several possible end-member type cases of exhumation mechanisms of metamorphic core complexes, e.g., classification of different detachment modes (e.g., rolling hinges, initial low-angle detachment) and contribution of pure shear vs. simple shear modes of exhumation. In many cases, upward motion along a detachment (ductile low-angle normal fault) and internal ductile thinning implies gradual exhumation with the youngest exhumation along a rolling hinge at the trailing edge of the MCCs. We want to test also how much simple shear contributes to exhumation within the MCCs and when vertical thinning occurred compared to deformation along the detachment zone at the top of the MCC. Cordilleran-type MCCs are exhumed virtually parallel to the regional extension direction. Such cases are common in post-collisional settings with extension of previously overthickened lithosphere, or as in the case of the Aegean Sea, in a back-arc basin setting, which formed due to the retreat of a subduction zone.
KurztitelAufstiegsgemechanismen von metamorphen Kernkomplexen
StatusAbgeschlossen
Tatsächlicher Beginn/ -es Ende15/07/1130/11/13

Systematik der Wissenschaftszweige 2002

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  • 1504 Geologie
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