In sports such as soccer the chance of making a mistake is quite likely. However, we do not know how players perceive and react to the mistakes made by their team members. It is possible that these mistakes cause anxiety and stress in individuals, which can lead to a reduction in attentional control (Eysenck et al., 2007), impacting executive functioning (processes needed to achieve a goal). In teams these feelings of stress and anxiety can spread amongst team members (Barsade, 2001) leading to a decrease in performance. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine how soccer players react to mistakes of team members and which team variables (e.g., cohesion) can mitigate a drop in performance. To study the influence of team members’ mistakes on soccer players, we will conduct three consecutive studies. In the first study we aim to determine the nature of the working memory task used in further studies. Study 2 will test how mistakes of team members will influence the other players cognitive performance. In Study 3 we aim to create a controlled field environment using virtual reality. Additionally, to objectively determine if participants are stressed by the mistakes of their team members, we will use a multi-method approach combining physiological measures with psychological measures. Physiological measures can be associated with emotions such as anxiety and stress (e.g., Cooke et al., 2011).
|Kurztitel||Mistakes in teams|
|Tatsächlicher Beginn/ -es Ende||1/03/19 → 28/02/21|