A backward encoding approach to recover subcortical auditory activity

Publikation: KonferenzbeitragPoster

Abstract

Several subcortical nuclei along the auditory pathway are involved in the processing of sounds. One of the most commonly used methods of measuring the activity of these nuclei is the auditory brainstem response (ABR). Due to its low signal-to-noise ratio, ABRs have to be derived by averaging activity evoked by a high number (several thousand) of repetitions of e.g. clicks or tone bursts. To date no approach exists that can be used to non-invasively investigate both auditory brainstem activity following natural sounds (e.g. speech, music) and silent periods, for example, within selective attention tasks. For several cognitive neuroscientific questions this is a severe limitation. We propose that by training a backward encoding model to reconstruct evoked ABRs from electrophysiological data, spatial filters (channel weights) can be obtained that are tuned to auditory brainstem activity. Since these filters can be applied to any other dataset (i.e. generalized) using the same spatial coverage, this could allow for the estimation of auditory brainstem activity from any continuous sensor level data. In this study, we established a proof-of-concept that by employing a backward encoding model generated using a click stimulation rate of 30 Hz we could predict the expected ABR activity recorded via electroencephalography (EEG) from an independent measurement, using a stimulation rate of 9 Hz. By showing that the individually predicted and measured ABRs are highly correlated (r ~ 0.67), we laid the necessary foundation to use this paradigm in more naturalistic listening situations.
OriginalspracheEnglisch
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 21 Okt 2019
Veranstaltung49th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience (SfN) - McCormick Place, Chicago, USA/Vereinigte Staaten
Dauer: 19 Okt 201923 Okt 2019

Konferenz

Konferenz49th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience (SfN)
KurztitelNeuroscience 2019
LandUSA/Vereinigte Staaten
OrtChicago
Zeitraum19/10/1923/10/19

Systematik der Wissenschaftszweige 2012

  • 501 Psychologie

Zitieren

Schmidt, F., Demarchi, G., Geyer, F., & Weisz, N. (2019). A backward encoding approach to recover subcortical auditory activity. Postersitzung präsentiert bei 49th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience (SfN), Chicago, USA/Vereinigte Staaten.