The huge internodal cells of the characean green algae are a convenient model to study long-range interactions between organelles via cytoplasmic streaming. It has been shown previously that photometabolites and reactive oxygen species released by illuminated chloroplasts are transmitted to remote shaded regions where they interfere with photosynthetic electron transport and the differential activity of plasma membrane transporters, and recent findings indicated the involvement of organelle trafficking pathways. In the present study, we applied pulse amplitude-modulated microscopy and pH-sensitive electrodes to study the effect of brefeldin A (BFA), an inhibitor of vesicle trafficking, on long-distance interactions in Chara australis internodal cells. These data were compared with BFA-induced changes in organelle number, size and distribution using fluorescent dyes and confocal laser scanning microscopy. We found that BFA completely and immediately inhibited endocytosis in internodal cells and induced the aggregation of organelles into BFA compartments within 30-120 min of treatment. The comparison with the physiological data suggests that the early response, the arrest of endocytosis, is related to the attenuation of differences in surface pH, whereas the longer lasting formation of BFA compartments is probably responsible for the acceleration of the cyclosis-mediated interaction between chloroplasts. These data indicate that intracellular turnover of membrane material might be important for the circulation of electric currents between functionally distinct regions in illuminated characean internodes and that translational movement of metabolites is delayed by transient binding of the transported substances to organelles.
Bibliographische Notiz© 2019 The Authors. Physiologia Plantarum published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Scandinavian Plant Physiology Society.
Systematik der Wissenschaftszweige 2012
- 106 Biologie