Blood coagulation involves extrinsic and intrinsic pathways, which merge at the activation step of blood coagulation factor X to factor Xa. This step is catalysed by the extrinsic or intrinsic Xase, which consists of a complex of factor VIIa and its cofactor tissue factor or factor IXa (FIXa) and its cofactor coagulation factor VIIIa (FVIIIa). Upon complex formation with FVIIIa, FIXa is conformationally activated to the Xase complex. However, the mechanistic understanding of this molecular recognition is limited. Here, we examined FVIIIa-FIXa binding in the context of FIXa's activation status. Given the complexity and the labile nature of FVIIIa, we decided to employ two FVIII-derived peptides (558-loop, a2 peptide) to model the cofactor binding of FIX(a) using biosensor chip technology. These two FVIII peptides are known to mediate the key interactions between FVIIIa and FIXa. We found both of these cofactor mimetics as well as full-length FVIIIa bind more tightly to zymogenic FIX than to proteolytically activated FIXa. Consequently and surprisingly, we observed that the catalytically inactive FIX zymogen can outcompete the activated FIXa from the complex with FVIIIa, resulting in an inactive, zymogenic Xase complex. By contrast, the thrombophilic Padua mutant FIXa-R170 in complex with the protein-substrate analogue BPTI bound tighter to FVIIIa than to the zymogen form FIX-R170L, suggesting that the active Xase complex preferentially forms in the Padua variant. Together, these results provide a mechanistic basis for the thrombophilic nature of the FIX-R170L mutant and suggest the existence of a newly discovered safety measure within the coagulation cascade.
Bibliographische Notiz© 2019 The Authors. Published by FEBS Press and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Systematik der Wissenschaftszweige 2012
- 106 Biologie