METHODS: We analyzed the biochemical and immunological interaction of ligands with Bet v 1. We then investigated the proteolytic processing of Bet v 1 by endosomal extracts in the presence and absence of ligands, followed by a detailed kinetic analysis of Bet v 1 processing by individual endolysosomal proteases as well as the T-cell epitope presentation in BMDCs.
RESULTS: We identified E1 phytoprostanes as novel Bet v 1 ligands. Pollen-derived ligands enhanced the proteolytic resistance of Bet v 1, affecting degradation kinetics and preferential cleavage sites of the endolysosomal proteases cathepsin S and legumain. E1 phytoprostanes exhibited a dual role by stabilizing Bet v 1 and inhibiting cathepsin protease activity.
CONCLUSION: Bet v 1 can serve as a transporter of pollen-derived, bioactive compounds. When carried to the endolysosome, such compounds can modulate the proteolytic activity, including its processing by cysteine cathepsins. We unveil a paradigm shift from an allergen-centered view to a more systemic view that includes the host endolysosomal enzymes.
|Fachzeitschrift||Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology|
|Frühes Online-Datum||22 Jun 2019|
|Publikationsstatus||Veröffentlicht - 2019|
Bibliographische Notiz© 2019 The Authors. Allergy published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Systematik der Wissenschaftszweige 2012
- 106 Biologie