Always cubes: A comparative evaluation of gas phase synthesis methods and precursor selection for the production of MgO nanoparticles

Thomas Schwab*, Matthias Niedermaier, Korbinian Aicher, Michael Elsässer, Gregor Zickler, Oliver Diwald*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

MgO nanocubes are well-suited for the study of defects and interfaces inside metal oxide powders and ceramics. We evaluated the synthesis of MgO nanocubes via flame spray pyrolysis (FSP) and compared the structural and spectroscopic particle properties with materials obtained by chemical vapor synthesis (CVS). Characterization of the as-synthesized and vacuum annealed powder samples revealed slightly larger particle sizes for the FSP material that is absolutely comparable to CVS powders in terms of the particles structural definition, morphology and crystallinity. Moreover, optical absorption and photoluminescence emission studies show fingerprints, which are characteristic of MgO nanocrystals with a high abundance of grain corners, kinks and edges. The opportunity to synthesize MgO nanoparticles of high structural definition via FSP at significantly larger production rates and lower costs compared to CVS carries great potential to upscale powder production to generate MgO based functional oxide nanocomposites for ceramics and catalysis.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100104
Number of pages100104
JournalOpen Ceramics
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Electron microscopy
  • Gas phase synthesis
  • Magnesium oxide
  • Nanocrystals
  • Spectroscopy

Fields of Science and Technology Classification 2012

  • 210 Nanotechnology
  • 104 Chemistry
  • 107 Other Natural Sciences

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